The History of Textile Printing

all information comes from: #digitalprintfashion / @phxart



Traceable to 400 BC in India and China, block printing was adopted in Europe around 1300 AD and was commonly used until the early nineteenth century.


The design is carved into a large wooden block. The raised surface are coated with ink, like a stamp, and pressed to the fabric. Each color in a muti-color design requires a separate block carved to print only that color element.


Block printing allowed the creation of decorative fabrics that were more affordable and lighter weight than traditional decorative fabrics like velvet and embroidered textiles.


Block prints are labor-intensive and time – consuming to produce.




Introduced in 1752 near Dublin, Ireland, copper plates printing was most popular in London from 1760-1790, and was used until the 1850’s


Copper plate printing utilized an intaglio (engraving) method. Ink is trapped in recessed lines and released to the fabrics under the weight of an iron pressure roller. Multiple colors are difficult to produce; this method produces only monochrome designs.


Copper plates allowed the printing of a large design at one time.


It was impossible to exactly align the image produced by the plate for consecutive printing. As a result, only disconnected, or “island” patterns were produced.




The first successful roller printer is credited to Thomas Bell in 1783 This method was used until the mid-twentieth century.


An engraved metal cylinder prints a continuous pattern through a mechanical process.


Thousands of yards can be printed quickly and economically.


Machines require many skilled workers to operate and maintain. Cylinders take weeks or months to engrave.




Patented in 1907, silk screen printing was the primary technique of twentieth-century textile printing. It is still used to print the majority of textiles today, though in a mechanized form like roller printing that utilizes a cylindrical screen allowing high volume.


A screen of fine fabric is treated to allow ink to penetrate only through the area of the pattern, like a stencil.


Screens are simple and inexpensive to create, making it economical to produce small yardage of one design. A designer can create exclusive textiles for garments.


Printing may require a large workspace or mechanized operation.




First used by carpet manufacturers in the 1970’s, initial experimentation with digital printing in fashion began in the 1990’s. Improvements in technology made the method more accessible and the quality more desirable for high fashion in the mid-2000s.


Ink is delivered through a nozzle and deposited to create an image. Multiple colors are produced using a standard CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black) color palette.


Digital printing is cost effective for very small yardage. There is unlimited design potential for detail in pattern. Print on demand.


Digital printing is emerging technology whose potential is not fully realized…


This is were we come in:

11th Loop is on the cutting edge in the digital printing technology. This is the newest look in fashion and home decor. The colors are bold and unique, and the patterns are one of a kind. Are design process starts with a digital collage and ends with a custom digital print. “The technology will soon provide the majority of the World’s printed textiles.”says the Phoenix Art Museum. There is a wide range of available colors and the speed at which you can multiply and manipulate images far succeeds then the common screen printing process.

Making Smart Art @ 11th Loop

Blue Stone 01 Blue Lupine Mini Skirt by : 11th Loop – The Sonoran Desert Collection










Life Is Layers, Live It!

11th Loop combines the need of water in the desert, and the abundance of rock to launch a collection of fabrics that captures the essence of  true Nature. 



Rotation Transformation:

An image rotated horizontally, vertically, and 180 degrees. The original single image is seen from four different perspectives. Combining these patterns the repetition reveals a continuous and seamless natural design. The simplicity of the pattern allows a balance of infinite possibilities. 

to view patterns visit our website : http://www.11thLoop.com 

1 – Spines

2 – Pincushion

3 – Deadwood

4 – Ambrosia Bursage

5 – Saguaro Silhouette

6 – Cottonwood Seed

7 – Desert Thistle

8 – Fairyduster

9 – Saguaro Side

10 – Mormon Tea

11 – Saltcedar

12 – Century Paint

13 – Rock Live-Forever

14 – Witchgrass

15 – Woolly Paintbrush

16 – Saguaro Spines

17 – Golden Cottonwood

18 – Strawberry Flower

19 – Blue Lupine

20 – Wild Cucumber

11th Loop is on a journey to create the most unique geometric patterns.

Then we print on sustainable fabrics, making a much friendlier fabric to wear.

 Art Nenvou + Sustainable = 11th Loop

11th Loop - 2012


The Sonoran Desert lay peaceful, only disturbed by the random Coyote yelp. Till around 1874 the day the newspapers in the East raved of Gold Hill in Cave Creek,AZ. This caught people’s attention, and drove massive amounts of pioneers to the area. The town of Cave Creek is located just north of the Metro / Phoenix area. Approaching this area you will see Black Mountain that stands as a massive guardian to the foothills. Dominating the central point of the town. There is a different kind of folk that live on this side, artist, ranchers, shop keepers, mostly middle class. Still has its waves of Scottsdale Snow Birds and Biker Gangs. As you head North on Spur Cross Rd. you will start making your way down a winding gravel road. Over the hills and through a Desert Forests that consist of tall Saguaros. The large preserve  borders the northern part of the small town. On the outskirts you will find  ‘Jewel of the Creek’. A natural spring that runs all year round feeding old Cottonwood trees and creating a lush oasis. This place has been home to Ancient Hohokam, Wild Apaches, Greedy Gold Miners, and Rugged Cowboys. A paradise in one of the largest and hottest deserts in North America. Now, it is a patch of the Sonoran Desert that has been saved. Our goal cannot continue  alone, still we must work hard together to keep the Sonoran Desert clean and preserved for generations to come. It is time to catch people’s attention once again. Showing the World the Natural Beauty of the Sonoran Desert. 

for more information on how you can help/ e-mail: info@11thLoop.com 

subscribe to our channel for more visuals:  http://www.youtube.com/user/11thLoop/videos



The Kastelic Brothers are from a place that old timers call “standing-up country”. The early Spanish settlers would call it “Desplobado” meaning “desolate wilderness.” The Foothills is a place full of rugged mountains, hilly terrain, deep canyons, and high mesas.  Only a few of the bravest and boldest have ventured into the Sonoran Foothills to search for an new way of life. The Kastelic brothers grew up exploring the hot, rocky, rattle snake infested desert rich with evidence of prehistoric Hohokam Indain culture.  The boys would stumble over petroglyphs, pottery sherds, arrowheads, and matate stones that lie disguised within the landscape. Sometimes back in these rugged foothills they would also find old abandoned mines. Early on they both recognized the difference in these town cultures, understanding they were more connected to the Native ways of life. Living in the Earth, not on the Earth. Now at 11th Loop the mission is to create a sustainable and biodegradable company. Leaving only green imprints. Our love for Nature drives our mission to ‘Save the Sonoran Desert’ and other magical places around the World.